Home Framework Trai invites opinions on framework to establish satellite gateway in India

Trai invites opinions on framework to establish satellite gateway in India


Telecommunications regulator Trai called on stakeholder views to explore a framework for the establishment of satellite gateways in India, the demand for which is increasing due to the development of low and medium orbit satellites.

The consultation document was launched by the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) following a referral from the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) on September 10, to provide recommendations on the grant framework licensing for satellite earth station gateway operations encompassing such aspects as license fees, entry fees, network operation and control center (NOCC).

Currently, there is a satellite gateway located in Ghaziabad to facilitate satellite phone services through the 4th generation constellation of Inmarsat.

Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites located at a distance of about 36,000 kilometers from Earth operate with a single wide beam covering a large area (say all of India). Satellite technologies such as LEO (low earth orbit) located at a distance of 160 to 2000 kilometers and MEO (medium earth orbit), at a distance of 2000 to 35,786 kilometers, operate through narrow beams with a Typical beam range of about 250 kilometers.

Satellites operating in multiple narrow beams may need to configure multiple gateways to control a large number of beams.

“The current licensing framework requires a licensee to establish their own gateway to provide any type of satellite communication service. In accordance with the conditions of license … the service provider licensee is required to establish a gateway himself to provide satellite communication services.

“There is no provision in the existing licenses of VSAT CUG, GMPCS and MSS-R regarding the use of the gateway by the service provider established by a satellite constellation operator,” Trai said in the document. consultation.

He said given the current regulatory / licensing framework, a Telecommunications Service Provider (TSP) might need to establish a gateway that complies with the terms and conditions of the Unified License, even to use a small portion of the bandwidth for render the service.

The regulator said current licensing conditions could limit the establishment of its own gateway for the provision of satellite services, resulting in increased capital and operating expenses.

Already, several low-orbit operators, including OneWeb and Starlink, have announced their intention to start providing broadband satellite services in India.

“Given the circumstances, it may be desirable to explore the possibility of an authorization framework to establish the gateway as an independent facility, put in place either by a satellite constellation operator or by some other entity. .

“Under the new framework, the licensee who establishes the gateway should be able to provide its services to other licensees, who in turn would render services to end users,” Trai said.

The regulator requested comments on the consultation document by December 13 and counter comments by December 27.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)

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